Bungo Nyûmon : A Brief Introduction to Classical Japanese


This site introduces, in a simple way, grammar patterns and notation styles to help you read Japanese classics.

  • There are 11 sections: Introduction, Issues with spoken Classical Japanese, Vocabulary problems, Orthography, Stem elements, Adjectives, Verbs, Paradigm chart (showing verb inflection), Copulas, Useful particles and Expressing concepts.
  • In the vocabulary section, examples are introduced where, even though the word is the same, the meaning differs in classical and modern Japanese.
  • You can download a PDF file that shows how verbs and adjectives inflect.

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